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Citing Sources  

Citation and Style Guides
Last Updated: Oct 31, 2014 URL: http://libraryguides.oswego.edu/citingsources Print Guide RSS Updates

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When to Cite a Source

Whenever you quote, paraphrase, or summarize another author's findings or ideas, you need to attribute that information to the author it came from.  This includes both print and non-print materials. 

Attributing information to another author is done by what is call citing or referencing that author.  Depending on the style your professor asks you to use, this may be accomplished by using either in-text citations or footnotes.  You will also be expected to include a list of full citations that describe each work and enable your reader to locate the item.  This list may be referred to as a bibliography, list of works cited, or list of references depending on the style.  For examples of different citation styles, see the resources listed on the individual tabs of this guide.

If the information is a well-known and generally accepted fact, it is not necessary to cite a source.

For more helpful information, see Citing Your Sources portion of the Lake Effect Research Challenge.

 

Citation Building Tools

Use these tools to format your reference list citations in APA, MLA, or Chicago styles. Check the accuracy of these citations (e.g., capitalization, indentation, etc.) using a citation guide. 

 

Other helpful information

APA - The APA style of citation building was developed by the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in the disciplines of education, business, and the social and behavioral sciences.

Chicago - The Chicago style of citation is widely used in the publishing industry and most commonly used for citing sources for history courses at SUNY oswego.

MLA -  The MLA style of citation building was developed by the Modern Lanaguage Association and is commonly used in the humanities.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

  • DOI lookup Search here to see if the article you are citing has a digital object identifier (DOI).
 

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