What do literature reviews look like?

There are three common types of literature reviews: 

What is a literature review?

A literature review is a summary of important research on a particular topic

A literature review focuses on drawing connections between research studies, which means: 

  • Identifying studies that have built on previous research; 
  • Identifying studies that contradict previous research; and 
  • Identifying gaps and inconsistencies in the research. 

The act of drawing connections is what makes a literature review different from an annotated bibliography.

This video provides a great overview of literature reviews - it's about 10 minutes long: