To Information Literacy Librarians, Fake News as a literacy problem is a matter of evaluating sources. Here are some things we have learned about teaching the evaluation of sources that can be applied to purported news sources.
Vanessa Otero is a patent attorney in Colorado. Back before the 2016 Election she created a chart for classifying news sites according to their partisan bias and their journalistic quality or credibility. Her chart suddenly received a lot of attention in the rising controversy over fake news after the election and so she updated it and reposted her original comments on December 12, 2016. The chart below is from that post.
Those who comment on her post continue to argue with her placement of specific sources and to suggest the addition of others. Her response is generally to urge readers to make the chart their own. Go ahead and add to it, or move things around. To help you with this, she also produced a blank version (see below) so you can start from scratch. By the way, this was an idea for using the chart in class that came up in the Roundtable Discussion at Winter Breakout.
The blank version